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Acupuncture Needle-Based Transistor Neuroprobe for In Vivo Monitoring of Neurotransmitter

Zhou Y, Liu B, Lei Y, Tang L, Li T, Yu S, Zhang GJ, Li YT
Small. 2022 Nov 7:e2204142. doi: 10.1002/smll.202204142. Online ahead of print
Nevertheless, in vivo real-time monitoring of neurotransmitters released in the brain, especially the electrochemically inactive molecules, remains a great challenge. In this work, a novel needle field-effect transistor (FET) microsensor based on an acupuncture needle is proposed, which is demonstrated to be capable of real-time monitoring dopamine molecules as well as neuropeptide Y in vivo. The FET microstructure is fabricated by successively wrapping an insulating layer and a gold layer on the top of the needle, where the needle and the Au served as the source and drain, respectively. After assembling reduced graphene oxide (RGO) between the source and drain electrodes, the specific aptamer is immobilized on the RGO, making this needle-FET biosensor highly selective and sensitive to real-time monitor neurotransmitters released from rat brain, even in a Parkinson's diseases model. Furthermore, the needle-FET biosensor is applied to detect a variety of targets including hormones, proteins, and nucleic acid. By constructing a FET sensing interface on an acupuncture needle and implanting the sensor in a rat's brain for in vivo detection, this work provides a new sight in the FET domain and further expands the species of real-time in vivo detection.
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