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Apcdd1 is a dual BMP/Wnt inhibitor in the developing nervous system and skin

Authors: 
Vonica A, Bhat N, Phan K, Guo J, Iancu L, Weber JA, Karger A, Cain JW, Wang ECE, DeStefano GM, O’Donnell-Luria AH, Christiano AM, Riley B, Butler SJ, Luria V
Citation: 
bioRxiv. 2019;[preprint] doi:10.1101/843714
Abstract: 
Animal development and homeostasis depend on precise temporal and spatial intercellular signaling. Components shared between signaling pathways, generally thought to decrease specificity, paradoxically can also provide a solution to pathway coordination. Here we show that the Bone Morphogenetic Protein (BMP) and Wnt signaling pathways share Apcdd1 as a common inhibitor and that Apcdd1 is a taxon-restricted gene with novel domains and signaling functions. Previously, we showed that Apcdd1 inhibits Wnt signaling, here we find that Apcdd1 potently inhibits BMP signaling in body axis formation and neural differentiation in chicken, frog, zebrafish, and humans. Our results from experiments and modeling suggest that Apcdd1 may coordinate the outputs of two signaling pathways central to animal development and human disease.
Organism or Cell Type: 
zebrafish, Xenopus laevis
Delivery Method: 
microinjection