bioRxiv. 2019;656108:[preprint] doi:10.1101/656108
In order to efficiently derive hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) from pluripotent precursors, it is crucial to understand how mesodermal cells acquire hematopoietic or endothelial identity due to their close developmental connection. Although Npas4 has been recently identified as a conserved master regulator of hemato-vascular development, the molecular mechanisms underlying the cell fate divergence between hematopoietic and vascular endothelial cells are still unclear. Here, we show in zebrafish that the divergence of hematopoietic and vascular endothelial cells in mesodermal cells is regulated by Junctional adhesion molecule 3b (Jam3b) via two independent signaling pathways. Mutation of jam3b led to the reduction of npas4l expression in the posterior lateral plate mesoderm and defect of both hematopoietic and vascular development. Mechanistically, we uncover that Jam3b promotes endothelial specification by regulating npas4l expression through the repression of the Rap1a-Erk signaling cascade. Jam3b subsequently promotes hematopoietic development including HSCs by regulating lrrc15 expression in endothelial precursors through the activation of an integrin-dependent signaling cascade. Our data provide insight into the divergent mechanisms for instructing hematopoietic or vascular fates from mesodermal cells.
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