You are here

Glut-3 Gene Knockdown as a Potential Strategy to Overcome Glioblastoma Radioresistance

Pucci G, Minafra L, Bravatà V, Calvaruso M, Turturici G, Cammarata FP, Savoca G, Abbate B, Russo G, Cavalieri V, Forte GI
Int J Mol Sci. 2024;25(4):2079; doi:10.3390/ijms25042079
The hypoxic pattern of glioblastoma (GBM) is known to be a primary cause of radioresistance. Our study explored the possibility of using gene knockdown of key factors involved in the molecular response to hypoxia, to overcome GBM radioresistance. We used the U87 cell line subjected to chemical hypoxia generated by CoCl2 and exposed to 2 Gy of X-rays, as single or combined treatments, and evaluated gene expression changes of biomarkers involved in the Warburg effect, cell cycle control, and survival to identify the best molecular targets to be knocked-down, among those directly activated by the HIF-1α transcription factor. By this approach, glut-3 and pdk-1 genes were chosen, and the effects of their morpholino-induced gene silencing were evaluated by exploring the proliferative rates and the molecular modifications of the above-mentioned biomarkers. We found that, after combined treatments, glut-3 gene knockdown induced a greater decrease in cell proliferation, compared to pdk-1 gene knockdown and strong upregulation of glut-1 and ldha, as a sign of cell response to restore the anaerobic glycolysis pathway. Overall, glut-3 gene knockdown offered a better chance of controlling the anaerobic use of pyruvate and a better proliferation rate reduction, suggesting it is a suitable silencing target to overcome radioresistance.
Not Epub
Organism or Cell Type: 
cell culture: U87 human glioblastoma
Delivery Method: