Stem Cells Dev. 2023 Feb 14. doi: 10.1089/scd.2022.0247. Online ahead of print
Mfge8, a secreted glycoprotein, is a key molecule that mediates the phagocytosis of apoptotic cells. Previous research reported that Mfge8 is critical for the proliferation and differentiation of radial glia cells (RGCs) in the dentate gyrus of adult mice. The treatment of Mfge8 is also beneficial for the repair of central nervous system (CNS) injury after cerebral ischemia. This study aimed to investigate whether the expression of mfge8a in zebrafish embryos was associated with the development of CNS and larval behavior. We found that zebrafish mfge8a was initially expressed at 48 hpf, and its expression was gradually increased in the ventricular zone. Knocking down mfge8a with antisense morpholino oligonucleotides impaired both spontaneous and photo-induced swimming locomotion in the behavioral tests. The neurogenesis analysis in telencephalon showed that mfge8a morphants excessively promoted neural differentiation over self-renewal after RGCs division, and consequently depleted proliferative RGCs population during early neurogenesis. Furthermore, downregulation of mfge8a was shown to alter the expression patterns of genes associated with Notch signaling pathway. Our results demonstrated that mfge8a is involved in the maintenance of the progenitor identity of RGCs in embryonic zebrafish brain via regulating Notch signaling pathway, thereby contributing to consistent neurogenesis and locomotor development.
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