Mol Hum Reprod. 2019 Jun 1. pii: gaz027. doi: 10.1093/molehr/gaz027. [Epub ahead of print]
Mammalian oocyte maturation involves a unique asymmetric cell division, in which meiotic spindle formation and actin filament-mediated spindle migration to the oocyte cortex are key processes. Here, we report that the vesicle trafficking regulator, RAB35 GTPase, is involved in regulating cytoskeleton dynamics in mouse oocytes. RAB35 GTPase mainly accumulated at the meiotic spindle periphery and cortex during oocyte meiosis. Depletion of RAB35 by morpholino microinjection led to aberrant polar body extrusion and asymmetric division defects in almost half the treated oocytes. We also found that RAB35 affected SIRT2 and αTAT for tubulin acetylation, which further modulated microtubule stability and meiotic spindle formation. Additionally, we found that RAB35 associated with RHOA in oocytes and modulated the ROCK-cofilin pathway for actin assembly, which further facilitated spindle migration for oocyte asymmetric division. Importantly, microinjection of Myc-Rab35 cRNA into RAB35-depleted oocytes could significantly rescue these defects. In summary, our results suggest that RAB35 GTPase has multiple roles in spindle stability and actin-mediated spindle migration in mouse oocyte meiosis.
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