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Tissue Mechanics Determines Cell Fate in the Axial Stem Zones

Authors: 
Wood TR, Kyrsting A, Stegmaier J, Kucinski I, Kaminski CF, Mikut R, Voiculescu O
Citation: 
bioRxiv. 2019;[preprint] doi:10.1101/622571
Abstract: 
Most embryos and regenerating tissues grow by the action of stem zones. Two epithelial stem zones drive axial elongation in amniotes: the mature organizer generates mesoderm, the neuralised ectoderm around it extends the neuraxis. Bipotential progenitors were also shown to exist. How are these stem cell populations organised and what controls the cell fate of bipotential progenitors? We use direct, in vivo imaging of these stem cells in the chick and find that progenitors of single and dual fates are mingled in a small region between the specialised stem zones. Divergent tissue movements surround this region. When transplanted downstream of these flows, cells from the region of mixed fates adopt the molecular identity and behaviour of the target stem zone, irrespective of normal fate. Thus, multipotent cells serve to separate the specialized stem zones, instead of a classical boundary. We propose their fate is determined extrinsically by morphogenetic shearing.
Organism or Cell Type: 
Gallus gallus (chick)
Delivery Method: 
electroporation